spurge, spotted

COMMON NAME: Spurge, spotted
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chamaesyce maculata
FAMILY: Euphorbiaceae
LIFECYCLE: Annual
FEATURES: Annual dicot. Leaves opposite, green to purple in color. Flowers in axils. Exudes a white latex sap
upon breaking the stem. Size, shape, and color of plant can vary greatly depending on environmental
conditions plant is grown in. Generally, plant is small and prostrate in growth with a purple appearance
and dark blotch watermarked leaves.
DESCRIPTION: Milky sap is the most distinguishing characteristic of the Euphorbs. Small annual plant that normally
grows appressed to the ground. Common weed in thatchy turfgrass, including bermudagrass and
bentgrass putting greens. This species is also thought to be an indicator of heavy nematode populations.
Plant is very tolerant of drought stress conditions and can often be observed surviving when turfgrass has
gone completely dormant from drought.

Broad View Large field plant

Broad View
Large field plant

Additional Latex sap

Additional
Latex sap

Broad View Plant view

Broad View
Plant view

Leaf Leaf characteristics

Leaf
Leaf characteristics