medic, black

COMMON NAME: Medic, black
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Medicago lupulina
FAMILY: Fabaceae
LIFECYCLE: Annual
FEATURES: Annual legumenous species with creeping growth habit. Stems slender lightly hairy with hairs
appressed to stem. Leaves trifoliate, slightly toothed especially at apex of leaf. Leaves oval to
obovate. Middle leaflet petiolate (stalked) often appearing as leaves are not trifoliate. Inflorescence
a yellow spherical cluster of ~10 smaller flowers. Inflorescence similar to small hop clover. Fruit a
cylindrical cluster of seeds that turn black at maturation.
DESCRIPTION: Winter annual weed species with majority of growth occurring in spring months. As temperatures
increase, black medic becomes more aggressive creeping annual with greater elongated internodes.
Very similar to small and large hop clover. Black medic has greater pubescence and black fruit cluster
are distinguishing characteristics. A very sporadic species throughout the southeast.

Broad View Flowering stem close up.

Broad View
Flowering stem close up.

Flower / Seed Head Fruit

Flower / Seed Head
Fruit