matchweed

COMMON NAME: Matchweed
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Phyla nodiflora
FAMILY: Verbenaceae
LIFECYCLE: Perennial
FEATURES: Stoloniferous perennial. Lanceolate to oblong opposite leaves. Stem stipulate. Stem angular and
rigid when rolled between fingers. Inflorescence with a “match-like” seedhead, turning brown to
black, 0.2 to 1.5 cm in longitudinal length. Often producing a ring (halo) of small white to pink
flowers.
DESCRIPTION: Common in infrequently mowed poor soils in the coastal plain region. Also common in overly wet
areas or areas prone to periodic flooding. Does not persist well in high traffic areas.

Broad View Dense stand.

Broad View
Dense stand.

Flower / Seed Head Stem with inflorescence.

Flower / Seed Head
Stem with inflorescence.

Flower / Seed Head Singular stem with apical inflorescence

Flower / Seed Head
Singular stem with apical inflorescence

Flower / Seed Head Inflorescence

Flower / Seed Head
Inflorescence