buttonweed, Virginia

COMMON NAME: Buttonweed, Virginia
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dioda virginiana
FAMILY: Rubiaceae
LIFECYCLE: Perennial
FEATURES: Opposite leaves with pointed notch between leaves. White flowers with four points. Seed pods
(buttons) form in axils of leaves, barrel-shaped. Forms rhizomes and stolons. Forms underground
closed flowers that self pollenate.
DESCRIPTION: Tough to control perennial weed in turfgrass and other environments. Difficult to control due to
extensive rhizome system and production of seed underground. Can become chlorotic in appearance
due to a common virus.

Flower / Seed Head Seed

Flower / Seed Head
Seed

Flower / Seed Head Flower

Flower / Seed Head
Flower

Leaf Leaves

Leaf
Leaves

Broad View Growth

Broad View
Growth

Broad View Growth

Broad View
Growth